Alder Car—Kiarr (Old Scan.) a marsh.

Assart—Waste enclosed and converted to arable.

Barracks—Barre oke, barrier of or by oak.

Baye—division of a house or barn.

Bordar—holder of five acres to half a virgate.

Bovate—oxgang, amount one ox pair can till.

Breck—Braec  (Mid. Eng.) newly cultivated  enclosure or assart—by—abode or single farm (Ang. Sax.). Button Park—button, mound or hill.


Carucate—eight oxgangs or about 100 acres.

Carr—Kiarr, a marsh.

Conery—coninger, a rabbit.

Cottar—holder of less than five acres, or none.

Croft—piece of enclosed ground, adjacent to a house.

Demesne—land occupied and farmed as Home Farm by the Lord of the Manor.

Farthings—feorung, a fourth part.

Fold—enclosure made of felled trees (Ang. Sax.).

Gullet—water channel, or culvert.

Ham—house or dwelling.

Hay(e)—haeg, woodland enclosure (Ang. Sax.).

Headland—heafcd, place where the plough turns.

Heselberclif—haesal, hazel.

Hide—about 120 acres, or four virgates.

Ley—leah a woodland clearing. (Ang. Sax.).

Leydyate—hlidgeat, swing gate. (Ang. Sax.).

Manor—estate of a single lord worked by tenurial labour.

Messuage—portion of land occupied for dwelling-house.

Ming—Ang. Sax. mang—mixed field.

Mikel—micel, big.

Moseleysipes—meos, marshy; leah, clearing; sipe, syke, stream.

Pease Greaves—graef, grove or thicket.

Pale Close—enclosed by a pale fence.


Pingle—pightel, small enclosure (Mid. Eng.).

Presbyter—priest attached to an Ecclesia or Manor.


Shackerdale—sceacere, robber: d»el. valley. (Old Eng.).

Sick Close sic, a small stream. (Old. Eng.).

Shipley—sheep pasture.

Slade—a dingle or greensward.

Spray Close—system of land-drainajje by means of twigs in trenches.

Stankerhill—stane, stone; kiarr, marsh. (Old. Scan.).

Stinted Common—pasture for limited and stated num­ber of beasts.

Star Close—store, brushwood. (Old. Scan.).

Toft—site of house or outbuildings. (Norse).

Vill—tract of territory with a name of its own.

Villain—holder of half a virgate or more. (Virgate— average, thiry acres).

Walk Mill—fullinsr mill. Fullers nicknamed walkers, from early fulling method.

Manorholders, tenants et al.

Not an exhaustive list, extracted from Thoroton, Curteis, Cox, Thoroton Soc. publications, Record Commission publications, and Yeatman's Feudal History, pre 1086. Three brothers, possibly Aluric, Alsa, and Elrics.

1086. William Peverel. (Domesday Bk.).
1195. Robertas Fretel. (Pipe Roll. 7 Rich. 1).
1213. Radulfus, Parson of Linby. (Middleton MSS).
1218. Peter de Lectris. (Test, de Nevil).
  William de St. Michael (Test, de Nev).
1230. Laurence de St. Michael, who pays   as  rent  for
  Linby, one skin of seven pleats, (-j. pellice grisie
  de vij fessis — Pipe Roll. 14 Henry III).
1243. Robert de Marys, guardian of Laurence de St.
  Michael. (Feodary 27 Hen. III).
1250. Escheat of Henry III when Wm. Peverel  the
  younger fled the realm after poisoning the Earl of
  Chester. (Inquisitiones Post Mortem) .
1304. Thomas de la Haye and John le Colyer. (Archives
  of Newstead).
1311. John, son of Thomas Metham, through Sibel his
  wife. (Inq. P.M.).
  Henry de Hastings (Dukery Records).
1312. John Comyn, one of the competitors against the
  Bruce for the Crown of Scotland. On his death his
  estate passed to his son, the Earl of Birmingham.
  (Dukery Rec.)
1314. John le Colyer. (Abbrev. Rotul. Orig.)
1320. Sibell, Wife of  John Metham. (Inq. ad Quod
1324. William de la Pole, through marrying Sibell.
  (Inq. ad Quod. Damn.)
1327. John de Crumbewell, from Hugh le Colyer.
  (Archives of Newstead)
1329. Richard and William de la Pole. (Inq. P.M.).
  Isabellla, Queen of England; Sir William
  Hameldon. (Thoroton).
1343. Sir Thomas de Bourne.
1344. John de Fenton, Roger Verdoun, John Tuppe,
  Robert de la Haye, John de Rempston, Robert
  Dirre, Roger de Kymarle, Thomas de Kymarly,
  Robert Adcocke, Jasper Duke of Bedford, Thomas
  Stanley. (Archives of Newstead) .
1350. Robert Maule, one of the Foresters. (Ab. Rot.
1366. Robert de la Vache. (Inq. P.M.).
1392. Queen Anne (Rich. II).
1403. Joan, Qe Navarre. (Hen. IV) .
1428. Thomas Hunt seised this moiety and left it to
  descend to his daughter Joan, wife of  John
  Hickling, she being above thirty years old.
  (Inq. P.M.).
1431. Thomas Bayle, tenant of  Joan of  Navarre.
  (Boro. Rec.).
1432. Alianora, wife of Nicholas Dagworth. (Inq. P.M.).
  John Inglefield.
1452. Edmund, Earl of Richmond. Inq. P.M.).
  Jasper, Earl of Pembroke.
1477. Edmund, Earl of Pembroke.
Pre-1486. John  Strelley (d.4 Mar.2 Hen VII),  married Elizabeth Mering.
1486/7 John Babington and James Savage, during
  Nicholas Strelley's minority. (I.P.M.).
1495. Nicholas Strelley.
1514. Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.
1529. Robert Pym (who killed John Harbrock of
  Papplewick. Pardoned on condition of one year's
  service overseas for the King) .
1535. plus. Stavely, through marrying Isabella, sister
  and heiress of Strelley.
Pre-1554 George Chaworth.
Pre-1577 Savile.
1578. William Savile, and M. Earle.
Pre-1609 Henry Ellwes and Edward Bates, both of London, who sold Linby to Byron.
1609. Sir John Byron.
1636. Alice, Lady Dormer (sister-in-law of Byron: d. Sir Richard Molyneux).
  Sir William Pennyman
  Sir William Stanhope, who left his Linby estates
  to the grandfather of Lord Harrington, who in his
  turn sold them to the great-grandfather of Andrew