V. WILLIAM HENRY CAVENDISH-BENTINCK-SCOTT, fourth Duke of Portland, styled Marquess of Titchfield, 1768 to 1809, and from 1809 till his death DUKE OF PORTLAND, using as his signature, "Scott-Portland"; born 24 June 1768; died at Welbeck, 27 March 1854, in his 86th year (Will proved July 1854).
Educated at Ealing and Westminster Schools, and Christ Church, Oxford; matriculated 25 Jan. 1785; created D.C.L. Oxon., 3 July 1793; took the name of Scott, in addition to Bentinck, by King's Licence, 5 Sept. 1795; M.P. for Petersfield 1790-1, for co. Buckingham 1791-1809; Lord of the Treasury 31 March to 28 Sept. 1807; Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal 30 April 1827; Privy Councillor 30 April 1827; and Lord President of the Council 17 August 1827 to 26 January 1828; a Family Trustee of the British Museum 1809-29; F.S.A.; Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex 5 July 1794 to 2 February 1842; and Custos Rotulorum 28 July 1794 to 2 February 1842; Deputy-Lieutenant of the town and county of Nottingham, and Deputy-Lieutenant of the county of Derby 29 December 1796. He married, at Mrs. Scott's house in Piccadilly, Henrietta, 1st dau. and co-heir of Major-General John Scott, of Balcomie, co. Fife, by Margaret, youngest dau. of Robert Dundas, Lord President of the Court of Session. She died 28 April 1844, at Welbeck, and was buried at St. Marylebone. Admon. July 1844.
i. William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, styled Marquess of Titchfield; born 21 March 1796 ; died 4 March 1824.
ii. William John Cavendish-Bentinck, 5th Duke of Portland, of whom next.
iii. William George Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck, styled Lord George Bentinck; born at Welbeck 27 Feb. 1802; died, unmarried, 21 Sept. 1848, and was buried at Marylebone.
He was educated at home, and entered the 10th Hussars, as Cornet, in 1819. He entered political life as secretary of Mr. Canning, who had married his maternal aunt, and was so engaged for three years. "Tall and well made, both in grace and figure, a model of manly beauty, quick of eye and action, he was distinguished by his skill in every kind of sport." He inherited a taste for racing, combining with it "a fine sense of honour which made his patronage of the sport a benefit for racing society". On the turf he was most successful. Later he joined the 2nd Life Guards, but in 1828 became M.P. for King's Lynn, which he represented till his death.
He was, "as became his birth, a Whig of the Revolution era". He voted for the Catholic Emancipation Bill, and upheld generally the principles of the Reform Bill. In 1845 he became an active opponent of Sir Robert Peel, and approved of the Corn Laws, taking an active part in organizing the Protectionists as an independent party, and, in 1847, sold his racing stud that he might devote himself to politics. His career is summarized in the D.N.B. at considerable length. He died suddenly, on the 21st Sept. 1848, at the early age of 46, near Welbeck, it was said "from a sudden spasm of the heart", and was buried in the old parish church of Marylebone, the burying-place of his family.
iv. Henry William Cavendish-Bentinck; born 9 June 1804; died 31 Dec. 1870. Lord Henry Bentinck was a Family Trustee of the British Museum; M.P. for North Notts, 1846-57.
i. Margaret Harriet, born 21 April 1798 ; died 9 April 1882, unmarried.
ii. Caroline, born 6 July 1799; died 23 Jan. 1828.
iii. Charlotte, born 14 Jan. 1806; died 30 Sept. 1889; man, 14 July 1827, John Evelyn Denison, M.P., Speaker of the House of Commons, created Viscount Ossington in 1872. By Royal Licence, 26 June 1882, Lady Ossington assumed the name of Scott in lieu of Denison, and the arms of Scott quarterly with those of Bentinck and Cavendish.
iv. Lucy, born 27 Aug. 1807; mar., 8 Nov. 1828, Charles Augustus (Scott-Ellis), Lord Howard de Walden. She died 29 July 1899, leaving issue.
v. Mary, born 3 July 1809; died 20 July 1874; mar., 5 Oct. 1854, Lieut.-Col. Sir William Topham, Lieut, of H.M. Gentlemen-at-Arms; he died 7 June 1895.
The 4th Duke of Portland was succeeded by his son :—
VI. WILLIAM JOHN CAVENDISH-BENTINCK-SCOTT, 5th Duke of Portland, styled, from 1809 to 1824, Lord John Bentinck, from 1824 to 1854, Marquess of Titchfield, and from 1854 till his death DUKE OF PORTLAND, using as his signature "Scott-Portland." His Grace was born at London 17 Sept. 1800, bapt. 30 Sept. at St. George's, Hanover Square; died, unmarried, at Harcourt House, Cavendish Square, 6 Dec, and was buried 12 Dec. 1879, at Kensal Green cemetery.
The 5th Duke of Portland
(Bust by Sir E. Boehm, 1880).
Ensign and Lieutenant Grenadier Regt. of Foot Guards 10 July 1818; Cornet, 10th Prince of Wales' Own Royal Regt. of Hussars, 24 Oct. 1821; Captain, 2nd Regt. of Life Guards, 25 Jan. 1823 ; Lieut, and Captain, Grenadier Regt. Foot Guards, 15 June 1830; M.P. for King's Lynn 19 March 1824-1826, when he was succeeded by his uncle, Lord William Bentinck; Deputy-Lieut, co. Middlesex, 12 July 1828, and Vice-Lieut, co. Middlesex, 6 June 1836; Deputy-Lieut., Nottinghamshire, 1 Aug. 1859. He took no very active part in politics, but engaged himself largely in the management of his estates and the erection of buildings at Welbeck and elsewhere.
Upon his death the co-heirship of the barony of Ogle devolved upon his sisters, and still remains in abeyance, while the Dukedom of Portland and other honours passed to his cousin, William John Arthur Charles James Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th and present Duke of Portland.
Welbeck Abbey, c. 1900.
We now revert to the family of the third Duke of Portland. His fifth son (the third of those who reached adult age), the grandfather of the present Duke of Portland, was:—
WILLIAM CHARLES AUGUSTUS CAVENDISH-BENTINCK, Lieut-Col. in the Army Treasurer of the Household 1812-1826; born May 1780; died 28 April 1826. He married, (1) 21 Sept. 1808, Georgiana Augusta Frederica Seymour, who died 10 Dec. 1813, leaving an only daughter:—
i. Georgiana Augusta Frederica, born 21 Aug. 1811; died, unmarried, 12 Sept. 1883.
He married, (2) 23 July 1816, Anne Wellesley (a daughter of the Marquess Wellesley, previously married to Sir William Abdy, Bart.), who died 19 March 1875, aged 87 years. Children:—
i. Rev. Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck, born 8 Nov. 1817; died 17 August 1865. He mar., (1) 26 Sept. 1839, Sinetta, dau. of James Lambourne, who died without surviving issue, 19 Feb. 1850. He mar., (2) 13 Dec. 1859, Caroline Louisa, eldest dau. of Edwyn Burnaby, of Baggrave Hall, Leicestershire. He died 17 August 1865, leaving three daughters. She mar., (2) 30 Nov. 1870, Harry Warren Scott, 3rd son of Sir William Scott, of Ancrum.
ii. Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck, Lieut-General in the Army and Col. 7th Dragoon Guards; born 9 May 1819; died 11 December 1877. General Cavendish-Bentinck mar., (1) 18 Feb. 1857, Elisabeth Sophia, eldest dau. of Sir St. Vincent Hawkins Whitshed, Bart., who died 4 January 1858, aged 22, leaving a son:—
i. William John Arthur Charles James Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th and present Duke of Portland, of whom above.
General Cavendish Bentinck mar., (2) 10 June 1862, Augusta Mary Elizabeth, younger dau. of the Hon. and Rev. Henry Montague Browne, Dean of Lismore (2nd son of the 2nd Baron Kilmaine). She was created Baroness Bolsover 23 April 1880, and died 7 August 1893, when the title, by special remainder, passed to her stepson, the present Duke of Portland. Children:—*
ii. Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, of Underly Hall, co. Westmorland, M.P. for N.-W. Norfolk 1886-92, and for South Nottingham 1895-1906; born 28 May 1863; educated at Christ Church, Oxford; matriculated 14 Oct. 1881; mar., 27 Jan. 1892, Lady Olivia Taylour, only surviving child of the Earl of Bective.
iii. William Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, Capt. 10th Hussars; born 31 Jan. 1865; educated at Christ Church, Oxford; matriculated 25 May 1883; died, unmarried, 28 Oct. 1903.
iv. Charles Cavendish-Bentinck, capt. 9th Lancers, born 7 Oct. 1868; mar., 27 Feb. 1897, Cicely Mary, dau. of Charles Seymour Grenfcll, of Elibank, Taplow.
i. Ottolina Violet Anne, born 16 June 1873; mar., 8 Feb. 1902, Philip Edward Morrell, M.P. for South Oxfordshire.
ii. Anne, died, unmarried, 7 June 1888.
iii. Emily, mar., 8 Nov. 1845, the Rev. Henry Hopwood, M.A., rector of Bothal, Northumberland. She died 6 Jan. 1850, leaving issue.
*To his children living in 1880 there was granted a patent of precedence as sons and daughter of a Duke.